Welcome, visitor! [ Register | Loginrss  |  tw

Classifications of Firearms in Canada

| Policy, Regulation and Law | January 16, 2011

In Canada, we have 3 major classifications of firearms namely Non-Restricted, Restricted and Prohibited.

Let’s talk a bit about each.

Non-Restricted:

 

Non-Restricted firearms are generally your typical sporting firearms with rifles and shotguns primarily filling this category.  Now these firearms could be transferred freely between licensed firearms owners without the need of registration or notifying the firearms center.

Restricted:

 

Restricted firearms are typically handguns but certain rifles and shotguns can find themselves on this list if they are too short or aesthetically unpleasing to the lawmakers at the time.  A perfect example of this would be an AR-15 rifle pictured below.  Although it accepts the same magazines, shoots the same ammunition and is similarly capable in every aspect to the Tavor rifle on the right lower, the AR-15 is considered Restricted and the Tavor is Non-Restricted.

 

 

 

According to the Criminal Code, a restricted firearm is:

  • a handgun that is not a prohibited firearm;
  • a semi-automatic, centre-fire rifle or shotgun with a barrel length less than 470 mm (18.5 inches) that is not prohibited;
  • a rifle or shotgun that can fire when its overall length is reduced by folding, telescoping or some other means to less than 660 mm (26 inches);
  • any firearm prescribed as restricted (including some long guns).

It is important to note that if a firearm is over 660 mm in overall length and has a barrel specifically manufactured for that firearm but falls under the 470 mm length, it can still meet the definition of a non-restricted firearm.

In addition to the Criminal Code, some firearms are “prescribed” as restricted.  The Canadian Firearms Program lists the following as “prescribed” restricted firearms.

Firearms Prescribed as Restricted

This list of restricted firearms specified in the December 1, 1998 Criminal Code regulations includes all firearms that have been restricted by a former Order in Council.

  • The firearms of the designs commonly known as the High Standard Model 10, Series A shotgun and the High Standard Model 10, Series B shotgun, and any variants or modified versions of them.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the M-16 rifle, and any variant or modified version of it, including the:
    • Colt AR-15;
    • Colt AR-15 SPI;
    • Colt AR-15 Sporter;
    • Colt AR-15 Collapsible Stock Model;
    • Colt AR-15 A2;
    • Colt AR-15 A2 Carbine;
    • Colt AR-15 A2 Government Model Rifle;
    • Colt AR-15 A2 Government Model Target Rifle;
    • Colt AR-15 A2 Government Model Carbine;
    • Colt AR-15 A2 Sporter II;
    • Colt AR-15 A2 H-BAR;
    • Colt AR-15 A2 Delta H-BAR;
    • Colt AR-15 A2 Delta H-BAR Match;
    • Colt AR-15 9mm Carbine;
      • Armalite AR-15;
      • AAI M15;
      • AP74;
      • EAC J-15;
      • PWA Commando;
      • SGW XM15A;
      • SGW CAR-AR;
      • SWD AR-15; and,
    • Any 22 calibre rimfire variant, including the:
      • Mitchell M-16A-1/22,
      • Mitchell M-16/22,
      • Mitchell CAR-15/22, and
      • AP74 Auto Rifle.

Prohibited:

 

Prohibited firearms can fall into the category of full auto, too small, cut down (whether sawed off in the back yard or professionally machined by a qualified gunsmith) or once again simply prescribed as prohibited.  The idea of good guns and bad guns is mind boggling to many people both pro and anti firearm.  There is no doubt that emotion plays a large roll when classifying firearms as there is a perception that certain firearms are more dangerous than others, but once again that is a topic for another post.

The Criminal Code states that a prohibited firearm is:

  • a handgun with a barrel length of 105 mm or less;
  • a handgun designed or adapted to discharge 25 or 32 calibre ammunition;
  • a rifle or shotgun that has been altered to make it less than 660 mm (26 inches) in overall length;
  • a rifle or shotgun that has been altered to make the barrel length less than 457 mm (18 inches) where the overall firearm length is 660 mm (26 inches) or more;
  • an automatic firearm and a converted automatic firearm;
  • any firearm prescribed as prohibited.

Although it clearly states that handguns with short barrels and ones that can discharge 25 and 32 calibre ammunition (notice it doesn’t state .25 and .32, that little decimal place makes a world of a difference) are prohibited, one can apply for an exemption if they are engaged in international sporting competitions.

Firearms that have fallen under the fore mentioned exemption include:

As for the firearms specifically prescribed as Prohibited, the Canadian Firearms Program gives the following list:

Firearms Prescribed as Prohibited

As with restricted firearms, a Criminal Code regulation listing all the firearms previously prohibited by Order in Council came into effect December 1, 1998. Those firearms are:

Former Prohibited Weapons Order No. 3

Any firearm capable of discharging a dart or other object carrying an electrical current or substance, including the firearm of the design commonly known as the Taser Public Defender and any variant or modified version of it.

Former Prohibited Weapons Order No. 8

The firearm known as the SSS-1 Stinger and any similar firearm designed or of a size to fit in the palm of the hand.

Former Prohibited Weapons Order No. 11

  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Franchi SPAS-12 shotgun, and any variant or modified version of it, including the Franchi LAW 12 shotgun.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Striker shotgun, and any variant or modified version of it, including the Striker 12 shotgun and the Streetsweeper shotgun.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the USAS-12 Auto Shotgun, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Franchi SPAS-15 shotgun, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearms of the designs commonly known as the Benelli M1 Super 90 shotgun and the Benelli M3 Super 90 shotgun, and any variants or modified versions of them, with the exception of the:
    • M1 Super 90 Field;
    • M1 Super 90 Sporting Special;
    • Montefeltro Super 90;
    • Montefeltro Super 90 Standard Hunter;
    • Montefeltro Super 90 Left Hand;
    • Montefeltro Super 90 Turkey;
    • Montefeltro Super 90 Uplander;
    • Montefeltro Super 90 Slug;
    • Montefeltro Super 90 20 Gauge;
    • Black Eagle;
    • Black Eagle Limited Edition;
    • Black Eagle Competition;
    • Black Eagle Slug Gun;
    • Super Black Eagle; and
    • Super Black Eagle Custom Slug.
  • The firearms of the designs commonly known as the Bernardelli B4 shotgun and the Bernardelli B4/B shotgun, and any variants or modified versions of them.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the American 180 Auto Carbine, and any variant or modified version of it, including the AM-180 Auto Carbine and the Illinois Arms Company Model 180 Auto Carbine.
  • The firearms of the designs commonly known as the Barrett “Light Fifty” Model 82A1 rifle and the Barrett Model 90 rifle, and any variants or modified versions of them.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Calico M-900 rifle, and any variant or modified version of it, including the M-951 carbine, M-100 carbine and M-105 carbine.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Iver Johnson AMAC long-range rifle, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the McMillan M87 rifle, and any variant or modified version of it, including the McMillan M87R rifle and the McMillan M88 carbine.
  • The firearms of the designs commonly known as the Pauza Specialties P50 rifle and P50 carbine, and any variants or modified versions of them.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Encom MK-IV carbine, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearms of the designs commonly known as the Encom MP-9 and MP-45 carbines, and any variants or modified versions of them.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the FAMAS rifle, and any variant or modified version of it, including the MAS 223, FAMAS Export, FAMAS Civil and Mitchell MAS/22.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Feather AT-9 Semi-Auto Carbine, and any variant or modified version of it, including the Feather AT-22 Auto Carbine.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Federal XC-450 Auto Rifle, and any variant or modified version of it, including the Federal XC-900 rifle and Federal XC-220 rifle.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Gepard long-range sniper rifle, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Heckler and Koch (HK) Model G11 rifle, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Research Armament Industries (RAI) Model 500 rifle, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Spectre Auto Carbine, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the US Arms PMAI “Assault” 22 rifle, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Weaver Arms Nighthawk Carbine, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the A.A. Arms AR9 Semi-Automatic Rifle, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearms of the designs commonly known as the Claridge HI-TEC C, LEC-9 and ZLEC-9 carbines, and any variants or modified versions of them.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Kimel Industries AR-9 rifle or carbine, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Grendel R-31 Auto Carbine, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearms of the designs commonly known as the Maadi Griffin Rifle and the Maadi Griffin Carbine, and any variants or modified versions of them.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the AA Arms Model AR-9 carbine, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Bushmaster Auto Pistol, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Calico M-950 Auto Pistol, and any variant or modified version of it, including the M-110 pistol.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Encom MK-IV assault pistol, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearms of the designs commonly known as the Encom MP-9 and MP-45 assault pistols, and any variants or modified versions of them, including the Encom MP-9 and MP-45 mini pistols.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Federal XP-450 Auto Pistol, and any variant or modified version of it, including the XP-900 Auto Pistol.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Heckler and Koch (HK) SP89 Auto Pistol, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Intratec Tec-9 Auto Pistol, and any variant or modified version of it, including the Tec-9S, Tec-9M, Tec-9MS, and any semi-automatic variants of them, including the Tec-DC9, Tec-DC9M, Tec-9A, Tec-Scorpion, Tec-22T and Tec-22TN.
  • The firearms of the designs commonly known as the Iver Johnson Enforcer Model 3000 Auto Pistol and the Iver Johnson Plainfield Super Enforcer Carbine, and any variants or modified versions of them.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Skorpion Auto Pistol, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Spectre Auto Pistol, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Sterling Mk 7 pistol, and any variant or modified version of it, including the Sterling Mk 7 C4 and Sterling Mk 7 C8.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Universal Enforcer Model 3000 Auto Carbine, and any variant or modified version of it, including the Universal Enforcer Model 3010N, Model 3015G, Model 3020TRB and Model 3025TCO Carbines.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the US Arms PMAIP “Assault” 22 pistol, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Goncz High-Tech Long Pistol, and any variant or modified version of it, including the Claridge Hi-Tec models S, L, T, ZL-9 and ZT-9 pistols.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Leader Mark 5 Auto Pistol, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the OA-93 assault pistol, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the A.A. Arms AP9 Auto Pistol, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Patriot pistol, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the XM 231S pistol, and any variant or modified version of it, including the A1, A2 and A3 Flattop pistols.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the AA Arms Model AP-9 pistol, and any variant or modified version of it, including the Target AP-9 and the Mini AP-9 pistols.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Kimel Industries AP-9 pistol, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearms of the designs commonly known as the Grendel P-30, P-30 M, P-30 L and P-31 pistols, and any variants or modified versions of them.
  • The firearms of the designs commonly known as the Claridge HI-TEC ZL-9, HI-TEC S, HI-TEC L, HI-TEC T, HI-TEC ZT-9 and HI-TEC ZL-9 pistols, and any variants or modified versions of them.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Steyr SPP Assault Pistol, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Maadi Griffin Pistol, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Interdynamics KG-99 Assault Pistol, and any variant or modified version of it.

Former Prohibited Weapons Order No. 12 (in effect since October 1, 1992)

  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Sterling Mk 6 Carbine, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Steyr AUG rifle, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the UZI carbine, and any variant or modified version of it, including the UZI Model A carbine and the Mini-UZI carbine.
  • The firearms of the designs commonly known as the Ingram M10 and M11 pistols, and any variants or modified versions of them, including the Cobray M10 and M11 pistols, the RPB M10, M11, SM10 and SM11 pistols and the SWD M10, M11, SM10 and SM11 pistols.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Partisan Avenger Auto Pistol, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the UZI pistol, and any variant or modified version of it, including the Micro-UZI pistol.


Top of Page

Former Prohibited Weapons Order No. 13 (in effect since January 1, 1995)

  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the AK-47 rifle, and any variant or modified version of it except for the Valmet Hunter, the Valmet Hunter Auto and the Valmet M78 rifles, but including the:
    • (a) AK-74;
    • (b) AK Hunter;
    • (c) AKM;
    • (d) AKM-63;
    • (e) AKS-56S;
    • (f) AKS-56S-1;
    • (g) AKS-56S-2;
    • (h) AKS-74;
    • (i) AKS-84S-1;
    • (j) AMD-65;
    • (k) AR Model .223;
    • (l) Dragunov;
    • (m) Galil;
    • (n) KKMPi69;
    • (o) M60;
    • (p) M62;
    • (q) M70B1;
    • (r) M70AB2;
    • (s) M76;
    • (t) M77B1;
    • (u) M78;
    • (v) M80;
    • (w) M80A;
    • (x) MAK90;
    • (y) MPiK;
    • (z) MPiKM;
    • (z.1) MPiKMS-72;
    • (z.2) MPiKS;
    • (z.3) PKM;
    • (z.4) PKM-DGN-60;
    • (z.5) PMKM;
    • (z.6) RPK;
    • (z.7) RPK-74;
    • (z.8) RPK-87S;
    • (z.9) Type 56;
    • (z.10) Type 56-1;
    • (z.11) Type 56-2;
    • (z.12) Type 56-3;
    • (z.13) Type 56-4;
    • (z.14) Type 68;
    • (z.15) Type 79;
    • (z.16) American Arms AKY39;
    • (z.17) American Arms AKF39;
    • (z.18) American Arms AKC47;
    • (z.19) American Arms AKF47;
    • (z.20) MAM70WS762;
    • (z.21) MAM70FS762;
    • (z.22) Mitchell AK-22;
    • (z.23) Mitchell AK-47;
    • (z.24) Mitchell Heavy Barrel AK-47;
    • (z.25) Norinco 84S;
    • (z.26) Norinco 84S AK;
    • (z.27) Norinco 56;
    • (z.28) Norinco 56-1;
    • (z.29) Norinco 56-2;
    • (z.30) Norinco 56-3;
    • (z.31) Norinco 56-4;
    • (z.32) Poly Technologies Inc. AK-47/S;
    • (z.33) Poly Technologies Inc. AKS-47/S;
    • (z.34) Poly Technologies Inc. AKS-762;
    • (z.35) Valmet M76;
    • (z.36) Valmet M76 carbine;
    • (z.37) Valmet M78/A2;
    • (z.38) Valmet M78 (NATO) LMG;
    • (z.39) Valmet M82; and
    • (z.40) Valmet M82 Bullpup.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Armalite AR-180 Sporter carbine, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Beretta AR70 assault rifle, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the BM 59 rifle, and any variant or modified version of it, including:
    • the Beretta
      • BM 59,
      • BM 59R,
      • BM 59GL,
      • BM 59D,
      • BM 59 Mk E,
      • BM 59 Mk I,
      • BM 59 Mk Ital,
      • BM 59 Mk II,
      • BM 59 Mk III,
      • BM 59 Mk Ital TA,
      • BM 59 Mk Ital Para,
      • BM 59 Mk Ital TP, and
      • BM 60CB; and
    • the Springfield Armory:
      • BM 59 Alpine,
      • BM 59 Alpine Paratrooper, and
      • BM 59 Nigerian Mk IV.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Bushmaster Auto Rifle, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Cetme Sport Auto Rifle, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Daewoo K1 rifle, and any variant or modified version of it, including the Daewoo K1A1, K2, Max 1, Max 2, AR-100, AR 110C, MAXI-II and KC-20.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Demro TAC-1M carbine, and any variant or modified version of it, including the Demro XF-7 Wasp Carbine.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Eagle Apache Carbine, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the FN-FNC rifle, and any variant or modified version of it, including the FNC Auto Rifle, FNC Auto Paratrooper, FNC-11, FNC-22 and FNC-33.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the FN-FAL (FN-LAR) rifle, and any variant or modified version of it, including the FN 308 Model 44, FN-FAL (FN-LAR) Competition Auto, FN-FAL (FN-LAR) Heavy Barrel 308 Match, FN-FAL (FN-LAR) Paratrooper 308 Match 50-64 and FN 308 Model 50-63.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the G3 rifle, and any variant or modified version of it, including the Heckler and Koch:
    • HK 91;
    • HK 91A2;
    • HK 91A3;
    • HK G3 A3;
    • HK G3 A3 ZF;
    • HK G3 A4;
    • HK G3 SG/1; and
    • HK PSG1.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Galil assault rifle, and any variant or modified version of it, including the AP-84, Galil ARM, Galil AR, Galil SAR, Galil 332 and Mitchell Galil/22 Auto Rifle.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Goncz High-Tech Carbine, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Heckler and Koch HK 33 rifle, and any variant or modified version of it, including the:
    • HK 33A2;
    • HK 33A3;
    • HK 33KA1;
    • HK 93;
    • HK 93A2; and
    • HK 93A3.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the J & R Eng M-68 carbine, and any variant or modified version of it, including the PJK M-68 and the Wilkinson Terry carbine.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Leader Mark Series Auto Rifle, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearms of the designs commonly known as the MP5 submachine gun and MP5 carbine, and any variants or modified versions of them, including the Heckler and Koch:
    • HK MP5;
    • HK MP5A2;
    • HK MP5A3;
    • HK MP5K;
    • HK MP5SD;
    • HK MP5SD1;
    • HK MP5SD2;
    • HK MP5SD3;
    • HK 94;
    • HK 94A2; and,
    • HK 94A3.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the PE57 rifle, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearms of the designs commonly known as the SG-550 rifle and SG-551 carbine, and any variants or modified versions of them.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the SIG AMT rifle, and any variant or modified version of it.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Springfield Armory SAR-48 rifle, and any variant or modified version of it, including the SAR-48 Bush, SAR-48 Heavy Barrel, SAR-48 Para and SAR-48 Model 22.
  • The firearm of the design commonly known as the Thompson submachine gun, and any variant or modified version of it, including the:
    • Thompson Model 1921;
    • Thompson Model 1927;
    • Thompson Model 1928;
    • Thompson Model M1;
    • Auto-Ordnance M27A-1;
    • Auto-Ordnance M27A-1 Deluxe;
    • Auto-Ordnance M1927A-3;
    • Auto-Ordnance M1927A-5;
    • Auto-Ordnance Thompson M1;
    • Commando Arms Mk I;
    • Commando Arms Mk II;
    • Commando Arms Mk III;
    • Commando Arms Mk 9; and,
    • Commando Arms Mk 45.

Eric Beer
Silvercore Inc.

www.silvercore.ca
604-940-7785

No Tags

37172 total views, 2 today

  

Sponsored Links

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Blog Categories